Erscheinungsdatum: 07.04.2017, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: Pakistan's Double Agenda, Titelzusatz: A Study of Islamabad's Post 9/11 Afghanistan Policy, Autor: Stokreef, Mark, Verlag: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, Sprache: Englisch, Rubrik: Philosophie // 20., 21. Jahrhundert, Seiten: 96, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 159 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
The status of local agenda 21 in the Nigerian context: A case study ab 49 € als Taschenbuch: The status of understanding and implementation of local agenda 21 strategies in the Nigerian context. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Wissenschaft, Sozialwissenschaft,
The status of local agenda 21 in the Nigerian context: A case study ab 49 EURO The status of understanding and implementation of local agenda 21 strategies in the Nigerian context
Research in the field of sustainable development (SD) suggests that the way in which sustainable development thinking has been infiltrated from a global perspective down to a more local one, leaves room for question as to whether or not the ideas of SD are being internalised in the self-same way by all stakeholders. This study aims to investigate whether SD thinking is universal across different groups in order to deduce how effective implementation of sustainable practices can and will be. The project is a case study of SD thinking amongst local residents of the small Swedish community of Östersidan in comparison to SD thinking from a local government perspective as proliferated through the Local Agenda 21 objectives of the local municipality under which Östersidan falls. The investigation was conducted by a series of semi-structured, in-depth interviews with local permanent residents and local municipal officials. Analysis was made using a constant comparative approach to analysing qualitative data.
The effectiveness of community based forest management (CBFM) projects in Zambia is affected mostly by the uncertainty surrounding the policy, legislation and institutional arrangements regarding the community participation in forest management. Although, the government of the republic of Zambia responded to Agenda 21, raised at the 1992 Rio Summit on Environment and Development in Brazil to decentralize the management of forests through joint forest management project, very little has been achieved. In Zambia, Joint forest management (JFM) was seen as the best alternative tool for promoting improved rural livelihoods, especially for resource poor rural communities who have a traditional dependency upon forests. This study was therefore undertaken to evaluate the contribution of pilot joint forest management projects in the livelihoods of the participating local communities and factors critical to the success of project in northern Zambia. The data was collected in communities adjacent to Lukangaba forest reserve No. 147 and Forestry department in Mansa. Data was analysed using SPSS and Microsoft Excel 2007 by generating graphs and descriptive statistics.
Ever since the adoption of the Forest Principles and Chapter 11 of Agenda 21, the sustainable use of forest ressources has been a key issue. Since then, constantly increasing public demand on forests requires contemporary management solutions. Especially in protected areas, which are suffering under increasing human pressure, forest managers are facing the great challenge of finding the right balance between social, environmental and economic benefits, without harming the fragile and ecologically sensitive environment. This study evaluates the multiple forest use in an IUCN Category V protected area with special attention to non-timber forest products and forest- based services and activities (recreation, hunting and game management, forest conservation, forest ecosystem services e.g). The study provides a detailed description of the main user activities and the current geographic, institutional, legislative and socioeconomic framework conditions. It also gives an overview on the srengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats that the protected area mangement is faced with.
Forest is one of the key word or construct of development discourse and recently, in 1992, it has been incorporated in Agenda 21 of Earth Summit where the participation and rights of indigenous people, particularly women, has been emphasised and gender equality has been discursively ensured. With the objective of showing the discrepancies between the statements and actual effect of the policy, following the field investigation this study has found that gender relations prevailing in CHT have been negatively affected following the implementation of the policy and this effect has been intersecting with age, socio-economic status and gender. The outcome was such that the socio- economic gap between different groups within the indigenous community has widened, women, particularly the poor became poorer, old women lost their assets and became subject to the mercy of household members. All in all, development policy instead of developing the indigenous people, it worsened their living conditions, widened the socio- economic gaps and narrowed the bargaining power of women.
This work is an attempt to highlight the attitude of Nigeria to the implementation of Agenda 21 Action Plan using one of the component administrative entities as a case study. It seeks to present the true position and elucidates attitudes that could be responsible for the observed attitudes. Innovations and dispositions are discussed in the light of the limited understanding of the principles enunciated in the Agenda 21 document which recommended prompt action from United Nations member states. The approach of the government and other stakeholders in Ondo State of Nigeria in embedding the principles of sustainable development into community development strategies was highlighted. This book therefore recommends the need for a focused directive from the Federal Government to the component state governments to commence implementation of LA21. The pursuit of stakeholder enlightenment through information dissemination, capacity development and the development of LA21 action plans were identified as major steps needed to remedy the situation.
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been in existence throughout the 1970's and 1980's where international treaties began to impose EIA requirements that were broad and more detailed. Presently EIA has become an aspect for both domestic and international environmental law, making states not to undertake activities without prior consideration of their environmental effects . Chapter 22 of Agenda 21 and article 8(h) of the statement on forests similarly proclaim the necessity to assess the environmental impact of certain planned activities. Article 14(1) (a) and (b) of the Convention on Biological Diversity treats both the national and international aspects of the issue. Principle 17 of the Rio Declaration extends the rule of prior assessment of potentially harmful activities to include those activities, which have impacts within a state. Uganda has signed and ratified all of these treaties, which it must enforce. This study is assessing Uganda's Environmental Impact Assessment compliance of its developmental projects: A case study of the Oil Palm project in Ssesse Islands