This is a short but comprehensive analysis of the UN's controversial program established in 1992 as a "sustainable development plan" for the entire world, for the 21st century. Its main points are coincidental to the "Communist Manifesto", issued by Karl Marx in 1848. It includes the abolition of all private property, banning inheritances, reducing the population, and the transfer of all resources into the hands of UN bureaucrats. The author analyzes every single section of the Agenda 21 Act, as published by UN, and quotes several foreign journalists that were present at the Rio de Janeiro summit, where some 96 heads of state approved the plan, hoping to obtain large amounts of money to implement it in their own countries, something that never materialized. It is apparent that the USA has been selected as the proving ground for this UN power grab. The last four administrations embarked wholeheartedly on the path to subvert American sovereignty to the idea of total UN control, in order to establish the one-world, one-currency government, so dear to the authors of the Agenda 21 Act. This audiobook presents all the data that was made available for public consumption, quoting some foreign sources who agree that a great deal of material was not published by UN, as either too controversial or confidential. One of the main goals, that of reducing the availability of consumer goods and energy "to save the planet", is analyzed from several angles. Evidently, the aim of the Agenda 21 Act is to reduce the standard of living in all the industrialized nations, in revenge, or as a punishment for the colonial sins of the past. The author does not draw any conclusions as to the degree of harmfulness of the Agenda 21 Act, living the listener to come with his or her own evaluation. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Ruth Golding. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/021965/bk_acx0_021965_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
During the 1992 United Nations Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 178 countries adopted Agenda 21 as a non binding global environmental plan for sustainable development.The document underscored the important role of States in the implementation of sustainable development at the national level and also serves as a blueprint for governments in the implementation of sustainable development.This work examines the implementation of sustainable development in Nigeria within the framework of Agenda 21. It suggests inter alia that corruption and insufficient public participation are some of the major obstacles to the implementation of the sustainable development objectives of Agenda 21 in Nigeria. To enhance the realization of the objectives of Agenda 21 in Nigeria, the author recommends inter alia the establishment of a constitutional right to sustainable development alongside inter generational rights and the recognition of the public trust doctrine as well as the adoption of budget analysis. This work will be useful to Students of development law.It will also be of interest to any person interested in learning about the implementation of sustainable development in Nigeria.
The effectiveness of community based forest management (CBFM) projects in Zambia is affected mostly by the uncertainty surrounding the policy, legislation and institutional arrangements regarding the community participation in forest management. Although, the government of the republic of Zambia responded to Agenda 21, raised at the 1992 Rio Summit on Environment and Development in Brazil to decentralize the management of forests through joint forest management project, very little has been achieved. In Zambia, Joint forest management (JFM) was seen as the best alternative tool for promoting improved rural livelihoods, especially for resource poor rural communities who have a traditional dependency upon forests. This study was therefore undertaken to evaluate the contribution of pilot joint forest management projects in the livelihoods of the participating local communities and factors critical to the success of project in northern Zambia. The data was collected in communities adjacent to Lukangaba forest reserve No. 147 and Forestry department in Mansa. Data was analysed using SPSS and Microsoft Excel 2007 by generating graphs and descriptive statistics.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Aksyon ng Bayan Rosario 2001 And Beyond Human and Ecological Security Plan was formulated by virtue of Executive Order No. 98-02 dated October 5, 1998 by then Mayor Rodolfo Guerra Villar of the Municipal Government of Rosario, Batangas in compliance with the principles of 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. The plan pursued a sustainable development approach to poverty reduction efforts balanced with concerns for ecological security. This required an active collaboration among the municipal and barangay government units, non-governmental and people's organizations, and the local community. The Philippine Government, in the response to the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro and to fulfill in part the commitments made to this historic meeting, formulated the Philippine Agenda 21, where government and key sectors of society agreed to implement an action agenda for sustainable development, known as the Agenda 21. Among the existing and ongoing initiatives related to sustainable development that served as the basis for PA 21 is the Human and Ecological Security.
Forest is one of the key word or construct of development discourse and recently, in 1992, it has been incorporated in Agenda 21 of Earth Summit where the participation and rights of indigenous people, particularly women, has been emphasised and gender equality has been discursively ensured. With the objective of showing the discrepancies between the statements and actual effect of the policy, following the field investigation this study has found that gender relations prevailing in CHT have been negatively affected following the implementation of the policy and this effect has been intersecting with age, socio-economic status and gender. The outcome was such that the socio- economic gap between different groups within the indigenous community has widened, women, particularly the poor became poorer, old women lost their assets and became subject to the mercy of household members. All in all, development policy instead of developing the indigenous people, it worsened their living conditions, widened the socio- economic gaps and narrowed the bargaining power of women.
Now in its 18th year, the NILOS Documentary Yearbook provides the reader with an excellent collection of documents related to ocean affairs and the law of the sea, issued each year by organizations, organs and bodies of the United Nations system. Documents of the UN General Assembly and Security Council, Meeting of States Parties to the UN Law of the Sea Convention, CLCS, ISBA, ITLOS, Follow-ups to the UN Fish Stocks and Small Island States Conferences, WSSD, ECOSOC, UNEP and UNCTAD are reproduced first, followed by the documents of FAO, IAEA, IMO and UNESCO/IOC. As in the previous volumes, documents which were issued in the course of 2002 are reproduced while other relevant documents are listed. The NILOS Documentary Yearbook has proved to be of invaluable assistance in facilitating access of the international community of scholars and practitioners in ocean affairs and the law of the sea to essential documentation. The entry of the 1982 UN Law of the Sea Convention into force in 1994 and of the Part XI Agreement in 1996, as well as of the UN Fish Stocks Agreement in 2001, coupled with the ongoing follow-up to review of the UNCED Agenda 21 by the 2002 Johannesburg World Summit, make continuation of this assistance of particular significance in the years to come. The members of the Yearbook's Advisory Board are: Judges Abdul Koroma and Shigeru Oda of the ICJ, UNDOALOS Director Dr. Vladimir Golitsyn, ITLOS President Dolliver Nelson and Judges Thomas Mensah and Tullio Treves, as well as Rosalie Balkin, Edward Brown, Bernard Oxman and Shabtai Rosenne.
This collection of in-depth case studies emphasizes the diversity and inventiveness of local initiatives since the Rio 'Earth Summit' within different national settings. From the Earth Summit to Local Agenda 21offers a realistic counterpoint to the official monitoring and assessment procedures of national governments and international bodies. It highlights the problems of assessment and policy evaluation and clearly sets out the policy stages necessary for more effective realization of Local Agenda 21 objectives.
The World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg in 2002 brought together thousands of delegates who mapped out the future of the global sustainable development agenda. The resulting technical document, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI), identifies priorities in the implementation of Agenda 21 and other international agreements, and commitments that will take these priorities forward. This plain language version provides an invaluable reference to the outcomes of the WSSD by explaining the JPOI clearly for the lay person and expert alike.
Urban governance and sustainability are rapidly becoming key issues around the world. Currently three billion people - half the population of the planet - live in cities, and by 2050 a full two-thirds of the world's population will be housed in ever larger and increasingly densely populated urban areas. The economic, social and environmental challenges posed by urbanization on such a large scale and at such a rapid pace are staggering for local, regional and national governments working towards sustainability. Solutions to the myriad problems plaguing the quest for sustainability at the city-level are equally as diverse and complex, but are rooted in the assumptions of the 'sustainability agenda', developed at the Rio Earth Summit and embodied in Local Agenda/Action 21. These assumptions state that good governance is a necessary precondition for the achievement of sustainable development, particularly at the local level, and that the mobilization of local communities is an essential part of this process. Yet until now, these assumptions, which have guided the policies and programmes of over 6000 local authorities around the world, have never been seriously tested. Drawing on three years of field research in 40 European towns and cities, Governing for Sustainable Cities is the first book to examine empirically the processes of urban governance in sustainable development. Looking at a host of core issues including institutional and social capacity, institutional design, social equity, politics, partnerships and cooperation and creative policy-making, the authors draw compelling conclusions and offer strong guidance. This book is essential reading for policy-makers, politicians, activists and NGOs, planners, researchers and academics, whether in Europe, North America, Australasia or transitional and developing countries, concerned with advancing sustainability in our rapidly urbanizing world.